Best Neuropsychologist in Dubai
Neuropsychologists study the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviors. Neuropsychology is an experimental field of psychology that aims to understand how behavior and cognition are influenced by brain functioning, and is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavioral and cognitive effects of neurological disorders.
Some of the areas addressed include:
Memory is the power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained, especially through associative mechanisms. Memory is the ability of the mind to store and recall past sensations, thoughts, knowledge. Among the types of memory: visual memory, hearing memory, working memory, and narrative memory. Children with a learning disability can have memory deficits. Adult and seniors can suffer from memory loss that can be present as “Mild Cognitive Impairment”; in other cases it can be linked to depression or neurological cases such as Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease….
Attention is a brain function that allocates cognitive processing resources to focus on information or stimuli. Attention is the ability to keep the mind focused on something through careful observation or listening. Attention is often the initial trigger before other cognitive functions begin. You first must pay attention to something before you can process it for meaning and understanding. There are several types of attention that help you to focus: sustained attention, selective attention, alternating attention, divided attention.
Executive functions are a set of cognitive processes, including attentional control, inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility, as well as reasoning, problem solving, and planning. These are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior: selecting and successfully monitoring behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen goals. It is the abilities needed to adapt to a new situation.
Visual-spatial ability is the ability to mentally manipulate 2-dimensional, 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional figures. It is typically measured with simple cognitive tests. Our visual and spatial skills help us find our orientation in space, perceive objects around us and organize them into a coherent visual scene.
Dyspraxia and Apraxia
Apraxia/Dyspraxia is a problem/dysfunction in the execution of intentional movement. The Apraxia occurs after a cerebral-vascular accident; while the dyspraxia appears in the normal development of the brain. Apraxia/Dyspraxia can occur in a number of different forms:
Motor Apraxia/Dyspraxia: the patient will have problems/difficulties in drawing, imitating actions, executing quick and alternative movements.
Oro-facial Apraxia/ Dyspraxia: will have problems/difficulties to coordinating movement oral muscle, tongue leading to effortful speech.
Agnosia is the inability to process sensory information. Often there is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss. It is usually associated with brain injury or neurological illness.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an insult to the brain, but caused by external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness, which results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. Profound disturbances of cognitive, emotional, and behavior functioning after TBI may produce permanent impairments that result in partial or total functional disability and psychosocial maladjustment.
The center offers a full cognitive assessment and rehabilitation program for patients suffering from Brain Injury.
A neurological disorder that includes episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness or convulsion associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Epilepsy may affect cognitive skills and can lead to language and learning problems.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain interrupts or reduces. It is sometimes called brain attack. The stroke can cause paralysis, difficulty in swallowing, aphasia (language problem), reading or writing challenges, memory loss, processing difficulties, and/or emotional problems. Our rehabilitation center offers a comprehensive assessment and treatment for stroke patients.
PD- Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, neuro-degenerative central nervous system disorder. Symptoms usually starts gradually and it causes tremors. But the disorder then goes on to cause stiffness, slowing of movement and overall affects one’s ability for movement.
The patients suffering from PD have usually specific cognitive deficits affecting Visuo-spatial functions, Attention, Memory, Executive functions and mood or anxiety disorder related to their neurological condition. With time, they develop dysarthria that can affect their communication.
LSVT Loud is the Best Evidence Base treatment for dysarthria.
AD – Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, neuro-degenerative disorder. It’s the most common cause of dementia, where there is a progressive, irreversible decline in a person’s capacity for memory, thinking, adaptive behavioral and in his/her ability to function independently.
The early diagnostic, cognitive training and psychological support can improve the quality of life of the AD patient and his caregivers.