Neuropsychologist studies the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviors. Neuropsychology is an experimental field of psychology that aims to understand how behavior and cognition are influenced by brain functioning and is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavioral and cognitive effects of neurological disorders.
Some of the areas addressed include:
Memory is the power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms. Memory is the ability of the mind to store and recall past sensations, thoughts, knowledge. Among the types of memory: visual memory, hearing memory, working memory, narrative memory… Children with learning disability can suffer from memory problem.
Adult and senior can suffer from memory loss that can be present in depression or neurological cases
Attention is a brain function that allocates cognitive processing resources to focus on information or stimuli. Attention is the ability to keep the mind focused on something through careful observing or listening. Attention is often the beginning to other cognitive functions. You first must pay attention to something before you can process it for meaning and understanding. There are several types of attention that help you to focus: sustained attention, selective attention, alternating attention, divided attention.
Executive functions are a set of cognitive processes, including attentional control, inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility, as well as reasoning, problem solving, and planning. Those are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior: selecting and successfully monitoring behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen goals.
Visual-spatial ability is the ability to mentally manipulate 2-dimensional, 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional figures. It is typically measured with simple cognitive tests and is predictive of user performance with some kinds of user interfaces. Our visual and spatial skills help us find our orientation in space, perceive objects around us and organize them into a coherent visual scene, mentally imagine an object that isn't physically present.
Dyspraxia and Apraxia
Apraxia/Dyspraxia is a problem/dysfunction in the execution of intentional movement. The Apraxia occurs after a cerebral-vascular accident; while the dyspraxia appears in the normal development of the brain. Apraxia/Dyspraxia can occur in a number of different forms:
Motor Apraxia/Dyspraxia: the patient will have problems/difficulties in drawing, imitating actions, executing quick and alternative movements.
Oro-facial Apraxia/ Dyspraxia: will have problems/difficulties to move his oral muscle, his tongue, inability to speak.
Agnosia is the inability to process sensory information. Often there is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss. It is usually associated with brain injury or neurological illness.
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an insult to the brain, but caused by external physical force that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness, which results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. Profound disturbances of cognitive, emotional, and behavior functioning after TBI may produce permanent impairments that result in partial or total functional disability and psychosocial maladjustment.
The center offers a full cognitive assessment and rehabilitation program for patients suffering from Brain Injury.
A neurological disorder that includes episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness or convulsion associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The epilepsy affects the cognitive skills and can lead to language and learning problems.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain interrupts or reduces. It is sometimes called brain attack. The stroke can cause paralysis, difficulty in swallowing, aphasia (language problem), reading or writing, memory loss or thinking difficulties, and/or emotional problems. Our rehabilitation center offers a comprehensive assessment and treatment for stroke patients.