Speech And Language Therapy
Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) is at the crossroads between medicine and psychology. Speech and Language Therapist provides screening, prevention, evaluation, diagnoses and treatment of verbal and non-verbal communication difficulties and oro-facial related problems such as dysphagia or swallowing problems and facial paralysis.
Speech and language Therapists, also known as Speech Pathologists, Orthophonistes and Logopèdes are Allied Health professionals. They provide prevention care and support for patients of all ages and their families or caregivers. They work collaboratively with parents, caregivers and other professionals, such as teachers, nurses, occupational therapists, psychologists and doctors. SLTs provide training and family education.
Articulation delay or disorder
Articulation delay or disorder refers to mispronouncing a sound compared to the developmental age. For example, the person has difficulty to pronounce the sound [s], [r]…
At the age of 3 years and 6 months, the speech of the child should be clear and intelligible by the family and the strangers. If the speech is unclear and includes omitting, adding, reversing syllables, then the child should be referred to a Speech and Language Therapist to prevent learning problems or stuttering.
Language delay or disorder
Language delay concerns language abilities to understand words, sentences and conversations (receptive language) or expressing using words, simple and complex sentences, on the usual age appropriate for their developmental milestones.
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, verbal and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences.
Articulation and tongue posture in Orthodontic cases
The tongue moves forward in an exaggerated way during speech and/or swallowing. The tongue may lie too far forward during rest or may protrude between the upper and lower teeth during speech and swallowing, and at rest. This will affect the dental occlusion.
Specific learning disabilities
Students with a specific learning disability have significant difficulty in one academic area such as Reading, Written Expression, logical reasoning. The child can suffer from reading problem (dyslexia), spelling problem (dysorthographia), logical reasoning problem (dyscalculia), attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
Stuttering is a fluency disorder affecting the speech characterized principally by blocks or spasms or repetitions during the communication.
The misuse of the voice and the respiration can lead to a repetitive voice problem or dysphonia that can affect the vocal cords (nodule, polyp…)
Difficulty in swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is most common in people suffering from the brain (brain injury, stroke …) or post-operation such as laryngectomies.
Or hearing loss. It affects senior’s communication, child’s communication and learning abilities.